Head lice is a nuisance, not a serious disease or a sign of poor hygiene.
An updated clinical report by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) "Head Lice," provides information to pediatricians and other health practitioners on safe and effective methods for treating head lice, including new products and medications.
Most cases of head lice are acquired outside of school. In the report, the AAP continues to recommend that a healthy child should not be restricted from attending school because of head lice or nits (eggs). Pediatricians are encouraged to educate schools and communities that no-nit policies are unjust and should be abandoned. Children can finish the school day, be treated, and return to school.
Once an individual is identified with head lice, all members of their household should be checked. The AAP does not recommend excessive environmental cleaning, such as home pesticides. However, washing pillow cases and treating natural bristle hair care items that may have been in contact with the hair of anyone found to have head lice are reasonable measures.
While it is unlikely to prevent all cases of head lice, children should be taught not to share personal items such as combs, brushes, and hats. Regular observation by parents can also be an effective way to detect and quickly treat head lice infestations.